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Guidelines for writing Poems, Stories and Tales

Who wrote the Hymn to Demeter?



HomerHomer in antiquity.

When was Demeter written Hymn?

sixth century B.C.

Size: 6 x 9.25 in. The Homeric Hymn to Demeter, composed in the late seventh or early sixth century B.C.E., is a key to understanding the psychological and religious world of ancient Greek women.

Where was the Hymn of Demeter written?





(Wikimedia Commons) The Hymn to Demeter is considered our earliest testament to the existence of a “mystery cult” known as the Eleusinian Mysteries which existed in Greece possibly as early as the Mycenean Age (c. 14th cent. BCE) and certainly by the 8th century BCE.

What is the purpose of the Hymn to Demeter?

The lengthy Homeric Hymn to Demeter (2) provides the most important and complete information about DEMETER [de-mee’ter] (CERES) and PERSEPHONE [per-sef’o-nee] (PROSERPINA), daughter of Zeus and Demeter, and is in itself a literary gem. The Abduction of Persephone.

Who wrote about Demeter?

Homer’s Odyssey (c. late 8th century BC) contains perhaps the earliest direct references to the myth of Demeter and her consort Iasion, a Samothracian hero whose name may refer to bindweed, a small white flower that frequently grows in wheat fields.

Who is the author of Homeric Hymns?

Homer





The Homeric Hymns are a collection of thirty-three hexameter hymns to Greek deities, so named because they were often in Antiquity attributed to Homer, the supposed composer of the Iliad and Odyssey.

Who wrote Hymn to Apollo?

Cynaethus of Chios

The largest four are complete epic narrative poems in themselves. The dating and authorship of the Hymns is complex. Greek writers assigned several authors including Homer, Pamphos (Hymn to Demeter), and Cynaethus of Chios (Hymn to Apollo).

What kind of myth is the Hymn to Demeter?

Eleusinian mysteries

Eleusinian mysteries
myth told in the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, the earth goddess Demeter (q.v.) went to Eleusis in search of her daughter Kore (Persephone), who had been abducted by Hades (Pluto), god of the underworld.

Who was the ugliest god?

Hephaestus

Hephaestus. Hephaestus is the son of Zeus and Hera. Sometimes it is said that Hera alone produced him and that he has no father. He is the only god to be physically ugly.



What does the Homeric Hymn to Demeter have to say about power and authority?

According to this hymn, he is obviously in a position to command the other gods and goddesses as well, which means that his position of power among the gods may also have given him the authority to offer Persephone to his brother Hades.

Who hears Persephone crying when Hades abducts her in the Homeric Hymn to Demeter?

25 She heard it from her cave. She is Hekatê, with the splendid headband. And the Lord Helios [Sun] heard it too, the magnificent son of Hyperion. They heard the daughter calling upon her father, the son of Kronos.

Who Worshipped Demeter?

Just as the Italian Ceres was identified with Demeter, so these two deities were identified with Dionysus, or Iakchos, and Persephone, with whom they were worshipped under their native name, but with Greek rites, in a temple on the Aventine.

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What is the famous line of Demeter?

I shall take everything away!”

How do you cite the Homeric Hymn to Demeter?

MLA (7th ed.)
Richardson, N J. The Homeric Hymn to Demeter. Oxford [England: Clarendon Press, 1974. Print.



What was sacrificed to Demeter?

Pigs were offered as a sacrifice to Demeter to ensure crop fertility. They were connected with the goddess in a myth of the Eleusinian Mysteries.

What is the moral lesson of the myth about Persephone?

Persephone’s eating of the pomegranate seed means that a compromise is set up, in which the world changes forever. Whereas she might have expected an immortal existence with her mother on Olympus, Persephone becomes the central figure in a new cycle of life and death.

When were the Homeric hymns written?

7th century b.c.e.

Homeric Hymns. Most of the Greek poems in the collection known as the Homeric Hymns were composed around the 7th century b.c.e. These anonymous works celebrate individual gods in dactylic hexameter (like the epics) and in some cases provide narratives about episodes in the gods’ lives.

Why is the Homeric Hymn important?

Homeric Hymn to Apollo
The hymn describes Apollo’s birth on Delos and then also explains how he came to establish his famous oracle at Delphi.



What is a hymn in Greek mythology?

The Homeric Hymns (Ancient Greek: Ὁμηρικοὶ ὕμνοι, romanized: Homērikoì húmnoi) are a collection of thirty-three anonymous ancient Greek hymns celebrating individual gods.

When were the Homeric Hymns written?

7th century b.c.e.

Homeric Hymns. Most of the Greek poems in the collection known as the Homeric Hymns were composed around the 7th century b.c.e. These anonymous works celebrate individual gods in dactylic hexameter (like the epics) and in some cases provide narratives about episodes in the gods’ lives.

Who was the ugliest god?

Hephaestus



Hephaestus. Hephaestus is the son of Zeus and Hera. Sometimes it is said that Hera alone produced him and that he has no father. He is the only god to be physically ugly.

How do you cite the Homeric Hymn to Demeter?

MLA (7th ed.)
Richardson, N J. The Homeric Hymn to Demeter. Oxford [England: Clarendon Press, 1974. Print.

Which Ancient Greek state sponsored the Eleusinian Mysteries?

Peisistratos of Athens

Under Peisistratos of Athens, the Eleusinian Mysteries became pan-Hellenic, and pilgrims flocked from Greece and beyond to participate. Around 300 BC, the state took over control of the Mysteries; they were controlled by two families, the Eumolpidae and the Kerykes.

Why did Demeter create the Eleusinian Mysteries?

Eleusinian Mysteries, most famous of the secret religious rites of ancient Greece. According to the myth told in the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, the earth goddess Demeter (q.v.) went to Eleusis in search of her daughter Kore (Persephone), who had been abducted by Hades (Pluto), god of the underworld.



What is the relationship between the Eleusinian Mysteries and the Homeric Hymn to Demeter?

The Eleusinian Mysteries were secret rites of initiation held at Eleusis, the town near Athens in which Demeter took refuge after searching fruitlessly for Persephone. The Homeric Hymn to Demeter tells how Demeter came to establish her temple and ritual in this town.

What is the Hymn to Dionysus about?

The Homeric Hymn to Dionysus (7) tells how pirates, seeing the elegant Dionysus on the seashore, thought him to be the son of a king and carried him off on their ship. When they tried to bind him, however, the bonds miraculously would not hold.

What is the main subject of the Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite?

The Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite (600s BCE?) tells the story of a brief encounter between the goddess of love and the cowherd Anchises, which led to the birth of the Trojan hero Aeneas. Less than 300 lines long, it is among the shortest of the so-called ‘major Homeric Hymns’.

What is Dionysus the god of?

Originally Dionysus was the Greek god of fertility. Later, he came to be known chiefly as the god of wine and pleasure. The Romans called him Bacchus. Dionysus was the son of the supreme god Zeus and Semele, the daughter of a king.

What does Dionysus show the Pirates over and over again?

In anger Dionysos filled their ship with spreading vines and phantom beasts, and when the pirates leapt into the sea transformed them into dolphins.

Was Dionysus a girl?

He was a very young man, perhaps only about twenty or twenty-one when he became King of Thebes. Dionysus came to Thebes to introduce his worship to his homeland, but Pentheus forbade any of the Theban women to worship him.

Why was Dionysus punished by Zeus?

He also serves as the camp director of Camp Half-Blood, having been placed there by his father Zeus as punishment for chasing after an off-limits nymph. His Roman counterpart is Bacchus.

Why did Hera drive Dionysus mad?

Hera’s Revenge
Rhea used the parts to bring him back to life and then had him raised by mountain nymphs. Hera soon discovered that Dionysus was still alive. She drove him to madness that caused him to wander the world.

Who is the 13th Greek god?

13. Dionysus. Dionysus is the Greek god of wine. He was often considered an outsider of the Twelve Olympians because he had a mortal mother.

Who was Dionysus in love with?

Ariadne

And where Dionysus fell in love with Ariadne, while she slept. According to the Naxos version of the myth … Ariadne, princess of Crete, daughter of King Minos, assists Theseus, son of the King of Athens, kill the King Minos’ beast Minotaur (half bull, half man) later escaping with Theseus.