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Guidelines for writing Poems, Stories and Tales

Using abbreviations after in-text citations



The abbreviation must be introduced the first time it is used in the paper. This means you should spell out the word or phrase within the text of the paper and put the abbreviation in parentheses afterward. All subsequent uses of word or phrase should use the abbreviation only.

Can I use abbreviations in APA?

According to the American Psychological Association (APA), abbreviations are best used only when they allow for clear communication with the audience. Exceptions: Standard abbreviations like units of measurement and states do not need to be written out.

Can you abbreviate in text citations MLA?

You may use abbreviations and acronyms in your MLA 8 works cited list. However, when you are writing your paper, you should always spell out the words in full. Instead of using abbreviations such as etc., i.e. and e.g., write them out completely. For example, instead of using e.g., write out “for example.”

Can you use abbreviations in in text citations Harvard?





The first time you cite provide the full name of organisation followed by the standard acronym/abbreviation in square brackets. (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development [OECD] 2010, 89). When you cite from the same source again you only write the abbreviation.

How do you in text cite abbreviations?

As with other abbreviations, spell out the name of the group upon first mention in the text and then provide the abbreviation. If the name of the group first appears in the narrative, put the abbreviation, a comma, and the year for the citation in parentheses after it.

How do you cite abbreviations in MLA?

The MLA Handbook (8th ed.)



Abbreviations in MLA Style

  1. Write an abbreviation in full the first time you use it, with the abbreviation in brackets next to the full name.
  2. Do not use full stops or spaces between letters in an abbreviation that is made up of primarily of capital letters (e.g. PhD, US, DVD, FBI).

Can you use Ibid for in-text citations?

When ibid. is used in an in-text citation it is not capitalized. For example: “Far from offering absolutes about reality, James’s ambiguity points to the modern age, with its shifting notions of ‘truth'” (ibid., 2).



How do you abbreviate references?



In business communications practice, “reference”, “referring to”, “with reference to” are abbreviated as “re” or “ref”.

How are abbreviations used in academic writing?

Introduce every acronym before using it in the text. The first time you use the term, put the acronym in parentheses after the full term. Thereafter, you can stick to using the acronym.

Can you abbreviate organizations in text citations APA 7?

In the reference list entry, do not abbreviate the group author name. Instead, spell out the full name of the group as presented in the source. If several references have the same group author, introduce the abbreviation only once in the text.

Where do you put abbreviations in a research paper?

It should appear at the beginning of your document, with items in alphabetical order, just after your table of contents.

How do you use abbreviations in a research paper?

As a general rule, all non-standard abbreviations/acronyms should be written out in full on first use (in both the abstract and the paper itself) and followed by the abbreviated form in parentheses, as in ‘the American Psychological Association (APA)’. Latin abbreviations, such as ‘etc. ‘, ‘i.e.’, ‘e.g.’ and ‘cf.

Do you abbreviate June in MLA?

In an MLA Works Cited list, the names of months with five or more letters are abbreviated to the first three letters, followed by a period. For example, abbreviate Feb., Mar., Apr., but not June, July. In the main text, month names should never be abbreviated.

Which example uses an in-text citation according to MLA standards?

MLA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken, for example: (Smith 163). If the source does not use page numbers, do not include a number in the parenthetical citation: (Smith).



Do you abbreviate months in MLA format?

Month names longer than four letters used in journal and magazine citations should be abbreviated: Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr., Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov., Dec. Use geographic names of states and countries.

Which format asks for an abbreviation of page in the parenthetical citation?

Use the abbreviation “p.” (for one page) or “pp.” (for multiple pages) before listing the page number(s). Use an en dash for page ranges. For example, you might write (Jones, 1998, p. 199) or (Jones, 1998, pp. 199–201). This information is reiterated below.

Can you abbreviate in-text citations APA 7?

The abbreviation must be introduced the first time it is used in the paper. This means you should spell out the word or phrase within the text of the paper and put the abbreviation in parentheses afterward. All subsequent uses of word or phrase should use the abbreviation only.

What are the rules for abbreviations?

Rules for Abbreviations

  • Introduce Them with Parentheses. …
  • Abbreviate Personal and Professional Titles. …
  • Only Abbreviate Well-Known Terms. …
  • Look Closely at Initialisms. …
  • Keep Date Abbreviations Informal. …
  • Time and Time Zones Can Follow Several Styles. …
  • There Are USPS Standards for Addresses. …
  • Latin Abbreviations Need Punctuation.